在法國的福利社區感受現代集成建筑之美

案例來源:
http://inhabitat.com
所在國家:
法國 
用途:
  • 住宅
  • 展示

案例詳情:

【介紹】


法國集成公寓的典范


坐落在法國中部的里夫德比耶社會福利公寓是集成建筑的典型代表,這一大片與自然為鄰的福利社區共有60個小公寓,點綴在周圍愜意的美景中。它是由法國Tectoniques建筑事務所傾心打造而成,該事務所在建造生態住宅方面有著豐富的經驗。秉承環保節能的理念,采用基于干法施工的特殊施工規程,主要使用預制木構件。里夫德比耶項目將這種基本方法帶到了一個新的高度。


這種施工工藝綜合應用了混凝土、金屬和木材來打造房屋的立面和地板。衛生間是用三維模塊化技術組裝而成,過程操作簡單:三維模塊準備完畢運送到施工現場后,施工隊只要連接公共設備,安裝到三維模塊即可。


為防止擠壓,整個模塊都被拆分為小模塊。干法施工技術的巧妙利用,打破了山脈陡坡無法建房子的傳統。更進一步來說,每個建筑房屋,無論是學校還是公寓, 彼此之間都建立了空間上的聯系,既保證了個人生活隱私性,又增添了公共生活的樂趣,這不正是福利公寓最為提倡的嗎。


【原文】


This prefab social housing development functions as a diverse eco-neighborhood in France


This eco-neighborhood comprising 60 social housing apartments was built using a dry construction method known as the "5D process," which uses 2D macro-components and 3D prefab wood modules to create customized, environmentally-friendly structures. Tectoniques Architects designed the development as a cluster of housing blocks of varying sizes scattered across a beautifully landscaped site in Rive-De-Gier canton in central France.


The construction process uses a combination of concrete, metal and prefab wood components systematized in two main families-flat components for the facades and the flooring, and 3D modules for sanitary and technical facilities. When 3D modules arrive on site, the construction team only has to connect the utilities and fit the lining boards to the 3D blocks.


The volumes were broken down into smaller masses to avoid creating an imposing, centralized space. Thanks to the dry construction process, the architects could easily adapt to the steep sloping plot. They established an open connection between the new development, the six existing buildings and a neighboring school, simultaneously creating a variety of public, semi-private and private spaces.

 

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